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Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Kabale

Uganda Travel / Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Kabale

Understand

Bwindi forest is popular for viewing mountain gorillas in the wild. There are four main points from where you can do this:Buhoma,Nkuring,Ruhija and Rushaga .All the four sectors offer similar opportunities to see the Gorillas. Permits must be obtained from the UWA office in Kampala at the price of USD600 for foreign nationals or with a tour company.

History

 

Landscape

High altitude mountainous with deep valleys. Bwindi Forest is the last remaining piece of primary forest in the area, all the surroundings have been almost completely deforested, and even small pockets of forest are still being cut.

Flora and fauna

There is a wide range of flora and fauna in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. The park supports over 400 plant species as well as a rich diversity of fauna including mammals, birds, butterflies. Its vegetation types vary from ground dwellers (thick herbs, vines and shrubs) to gigantic trees that for a green canopy. Almost 50% of the park is covered by mixed forest.

Notable fauna in the park are various primates that include mountain gorillas, chimpanzees and more. The park also hosts 120 mammals and the most notable are antelopes, forest elephants, etc. Some of these animals are endangered.

Climate

The climate varies – Uganda is wet most of the year, with dry periods from June to august. It can be a scorching 30 °C, or a chilly 9 °C, depending on the weather. If you go gorilla tracking, be sure to bring a sweater, at least 2.5 liters of water, long-sleeved t-shirt/trousers, a hat, rain-clothing and decent hiking boots. The tracking takes you through the dense rainforest, where you go up and down steep hills, often with no visible path. If it rains, it will be extremely muddy, if it’s dry and the sun is out, you will need a lot of water. Bring insect repellent for the mosquitoes, and consult your doctor for vaccinations and malaria-pills for surrounding regions. No risk of malaria in Buhoma, Nkoringo and Bwindi Forest due to the altitude there are no mosquitoes.

Get in

Getting into Bwindi Impenetrable National Park requires a permit – the best place to get that is from the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). They have an office in Kampala, on Kiira Road. Check out the  Tour operators can also make reservations, but you only pay on arrival. There is no point in going to Bwindi without a permit, as you will be refused entrance. The best way to get there is to get a bus from Kampala – the daily Post Bus takes about 8 hours from Kampala to Kabale, a nearby city with several hotels and hostels. From there you can arrange private transportation, for which you have to reserve another day of travel – leave early in the morning; you’ll need to get transporation to Butogota, and from there to Buhoma, where hotels are available only a short walk from the starting point of the UWA gorilla tracking.

Fees/Permits

As of January 2015 all gorilla tracking costs USD600 for a non-resident – although most think it well worth it for the unforgettable experience. You can reserve gorilla permits directly from Bamboo Ecotours, one of the major tour operators based in Kisoro, the chief town of the Bwindi area.

Get around

The roads in Uganda are bad – you will redefine your idea of what is a ‘good road’ after a visit. Paved roads are few and far between. If you can rent a car, be prepared for a bumpy ride (and make sure you have a spare). You can hire a ride on a ‘bodaboda’ – a motorcycle with a passenger seat, but beware that many (fatal) traffic accidents involve bodabodas. You can also get a ‘private hire’ – which is often very expensive, or get a ride in the back of a pick-up – which you will have to share with enough people to make standing up the only option. On these roads, that is only fun for so long, but it is cheap and a common method of transportation. If you catch a ride on a bus, beware that because of bad roads, vomiting fellow passengers are more rule than exception: store your luggage safely. The roads to the park are impassable especially in rain season, therefore, a 4×4 car is recommended.

Do

Gorilla tracking – the main activity here. It is expensive ($600). Still, it is worth it. There are several different groups of gorilla’s, with group H being the largest. Inform yourself which of the groups are normally quiet close to the camp and which more far away. For the groups close to the camp is it normally quiet easy to get permits, the further away ones are more popular due to the nice walk through the rain forest.

Tracking can take from anywhere between 15 minutes to a full day, depending on where the gorillas are. They move often and far – one group of tourists can be back at the UWA camp within two hours on one day, while they next day, tracking the same group of gorillas can keep you walking until night falls. There is no way to say how easy or difficult it will be – elderly people should carefully consider how fit they are and how long they are willing to hike and climb: paths can be so steep you have to hold on to bushes and grass to prevent you from slipping, and climbing a hill can require hands and feet. There are no ‘exits’ while trekking, no shortcuts back home. Beware that refunds are only given in extraordinary circumstances (no gorillas seen, which is unusual), and are only partial refunds.

Registration for tracking starts at 8.30AM, briefing is at 9. The trackers leave before that, and will communicate with your guides to let them know if and where they have found the gorillas. After getting there, you will have a maximum of 1 hour near the gorillas. You can get up to several meters of them, but you can be instructed to move further away should the gorillas get restless. Considering the terrain, it is not always possible to get this close, so bring a camera with a zoomlens, and remember the use of flash is not allowed. While in the rainforest, you are also asked to keep your voices down.

Should you be ill or have a cold, do remember that you may be refused participation. Since gorillas are genetically so close to humans, they are susceptible to many of the same diseases. As there are only about 700 mountain gorillas left in the world, their safety comes first.

Hiking in the area. Walk from Buhoma to Nkuringo (5 hours walk, through Bwindi forest, guide required, and permits). Walk from Nkuringo to Lake Mutanda (3 hours walk)(one lodge to stay on the lake) (dug out canoe with boatman needed to cross the lake, 3 hours, gorgeous scenery, check the weather isn’t stormy) to Kisoro (one hour from lakeside). No guide required for the walk from Nkoringo to Kisoro, plenty of people around to ask the way, porters available in Nkoringo village. Note: sadly the local trekking company does seem to be running a scam of overcharging customers for services and accommodation, doubling prices (observed November 2010), the guide is a superfluous ‘middle man’, whereas porter knows the way and offers a genuine service. From Kisoro you can take a transport to Mgahinga Gorilla National Park to climb any of the three volcanoes.

Nearly half the planet’s remaining mountain gorillas live within Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda. It’s one of only three places in the world where travelers can see this critically endangered animals in the wild. Located in Southwestern Uganda, Bwindi covers 124 square miles (320 square kilometers) of plains and mountain forest famous for its biodiversity. Besides the iconic gentle giants, some 120 species of mammals, 348 species of birds and 202 species of butterflies live amid the 200 tree and 100 fern species.
While the park is a birdwatcher’s paradise (sighting 150 species in a single day isn’t uncommon) and has more mammal species than any of Uganda’s other national parks, visitors come to this UNESCO World Heritage site to track mountain gorillas. Each morning, trekkers head out into the forest in search of one of about a dozen gorilla families (between 300 and 400 individuals
This 3-day gorilla trekking safari from Kampala lets you experience Uganda’s undisturbed wilderness in a short amount of time. In addition to hiking in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in search of gorillas in the wild, this tour goes to the Equator and offers a tour of a nearby village to learn about the community. Plus, going with a tour saves your time from planning and booking every detail by including meals, lodging, and transportation.
What to Expect
You will after breakfast set off for an 8-9 hour drive to Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in the south western part of the country. You will have a stopover at the Equator where you will have an opportunity to stand in 2 hemispheres at the same time and take some photos. You will make another stopover for lunch en-route before continuing with your journey to Bwindi arriving in the evening. Dinner and overnight will be at the lodge of your booking.You will have an early breakfast and be driven to the Park Headquarters for a briefing at 7:30am about the rules of Gorilla tracking. After the briefing, you will set off for the Gorilla hunt in the thick jungle. The jungle is very lively with rich forest sounds. The trek ranges between 2 – 8 hours and you have one hour to stay with the Gorillas once sited. In the afternoon you can opt for a community walk among the Batwa people who used to live in the Bwindi forest before it was gazetted as a National Park and learn about their life and culture as a forest people. You will have dinner and overnight at your previous lodge and depart Bwindi after breakfast and travel back to Kampala with a stopover for lunch en-route. You will arrive in Kampala in the late afternoon.

In addition to the gorillas in Bwindi, the birds here are also incredible and the forest ranks as one of East Africa’s best regions for birdlife and birdwatching. From some of the Bwindi Lodges, such as the Nkuringo Gorilla Camp or the Mahogany Springs Safari Lodge, you will have some fantastic birdwatching opportunities. Head out with your knowledgeable guide to spot many of the fascinating birds that call this forest home.

The favorite species to find in the forest include the Turner’s eremomela, Chapin’s flycatchers, Shelley’s crimson-wings, African green broadbills, bee-eaters, Grauer’s swamp warbler, and the abundance of butterflies

The drier months, which are June to August (most tourists) and December to February (less tourists) are the favored time to visit Bwindi, but birders may prefer the wetter months for a higher chance of seeing more bird activity. The wetter months are then from March to April and September to November.

The Bwindi Impenetrable Forest contains some fantastic habitat for a variety of birds and there are around 350 different birds recorded with 23 birds only found in this region. This means the forest is home to 90% of all Albertine Rift endemics.

Other favorites to find in the Bwindi area include the black billed turaco, black bee-eater, blue-headed sunbird, short-tailed warbler, bar-tailed blue trogon, and kivu ground thrush, yellow eyed black flycatcher, Garner’s warbler, Africa blue and white-tailed blue flycatchers and red-headed bluebill.

There are some different birding trails around the area, including the Ivy river trail, Kashasha river valley, Buhoma waterfall trails, and the Mubwindi swamp trail in Ruhija. Birders visiting the Nkuringo Gorilla Camp who want to focus on endemics have especially enjoyed visiting a small pocket forest named Nombe.

There are a team of very enthusiastic birding guides at the Nkuringo Gorilla Campand you can organize some specific birding itineraries.

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